“ A God, his name is truth, he is the Creator, he is the Supreme Being, with him there is no fear, with him there is no enmity, his form is timeless, he does not come from any womb, he is from himself – through the guru’s grace (he is recognized). ”With these words Nanak begins the mulmantra,the “basic formula” of the Sikhs, and with it the Adi Granth. It contains the essential core statements of the Sikh faith, which has often taken up the original impulse of mediation between Islam and Hinduism. God is one (in the original “Ik Oankaru” or “Ek Onkar”, expressed by the number 1 with the following symbol), the undivided supreme being, neither female nor male, timeless over the eternal cycle of birth, death and rebirth, the absolute reality. Any form of image worship is rejected. The utmost approach that man is able to do occurs in the immersion of prayer in the name of God. This is why the meditating repetition of God’s name is so important. It paves the way for overcoming karma and reincarnation, which, as in Hinduism, are viewed as realities.Waheguru (great guru) or Satnam (real name). Ultimately, the guru is God himself who reveals himself. The authority of the human guru or Guru Granth rests on the fact that he is free from everything worldly and completely filled with God. Human things are not deified, rather God communicates himself. This is where grace comes into play, which seeks immediate human devotion. This path is open to everyone, even low-caste people and women alike have access to salvation. It does not depend on external rites and visible temples or mosques.
A service takes place in a Gurdwara (gate to the Guru), the Sikh temple decorated with the yellow Sikh flag. There is no priesthood. Any Sikh can lead a congregation, including women, although specialists e.g. B. for recitation ( Granthi ) or singing ( Ragi ). Recitations from the Granth alternate with religious chants ( Bhajan, Kirtan ), sometimes there are teachings, at the end there is a prayer. After that, Prasad willa blessed dessert, enough. The subsequent joint meal symbolizes, beyond the community aspect, the equality and sibling of all without distinction. In addition to the mystical elements – the goal of the path of life is union with God – the Sikh religion emphasizes ethics. Through a righteous way of life, man strives to overcome his fixed sense of self. It is based on three practical principles: 1) “Praying God’s Name” ( Nam Japna ), which is done through meditative repetition, remembrance of God and hymns; 2) “Doing honest work” ( Dharam ki Kirat Karni ), which includes righteousness, a livelihood and a good family life; 3) “Sharing merit with others” ( Vand Ke Chakna), which is the social aspect of sharing the fruits of your labor before thinking about yourself.
Sikhs perform morning and evening prayers – regularly in many temples -, live monogamous, observe the prohibition of alcohol, tobacco and drug consumption and only eat meat from animals that have been slaughtered according to certain regulations.